A heart attack happens when the blood supply to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked.
First aid Treatment
1. Chest Discomfort
The person may have persistent vice like chest pain or isolated unexplained discomfort in arms, neck, jaw, back or stomach. They may also be pale, cool or clammy
2. Call 911
The person must receive medical assistance as soon as possible to prevent further damage or even death.
3. Give aspirin?
Give them aspirin, as long as they are not allergic, haven’t had recent surgery, bleeding ulcer or unconscious. The best is one not coated and no more than 300mg.
4. Position of Comfort
This will ease the strain on the heart and decrease chance of injury if the person loses consciousness.
Frequently Asked questions
What is a heart attack?
A heart attack happens when the blood supply to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked. Heart muscle begins to die after 4-6 of no oxygen. The severity of the heart attack depends on the size and area of the muscle affected.
Does a person have to have chest pain to be having a heart attack?
Symptoms may be present with or without chest discomfort. Other symptoms include shortness of breath, pressure or pain in the lower chest, back or upper abdomen, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting, upper back pressure or extreme fatigue.
What should I do if the person has medication to use for chest pain?
If they have tablets or spray, help them use it. You may help them but you should never do so if the patient is unresponsive or has an altered mental status.
How is angina different than a heart attack?
Angina is chest discomfort due to the heart not getting enough blood due to increased demand on the heart and/or narrowing of the blood vessels. Often associated with exertion or excitement usually relieved by rest and taking prescribed medication.
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